This is the second emotional stage of development commencing sometime after six months when the baby visually recognises its mother as a whole person (mother in the eye). During this biologically-instinctive attachment phase, the baby will seek close proximity to its mother as a safe haven for evolutionary survival as as a secure base from which to explore and become independent. Attachment is a behaviour directed by the infant to the carer and the characteristic is a predictor of social and emotional outcome. Latchment behaviour is maintained during the attached phase as baby will seek and continue non-nutritive sucking of the stimulus feature through toddlerhood (compare dummy / decoy fixation).

Understanding Attachment 2006 ISBN 978 184310 245 8  Prior and Glaser RCP

Infant Parent Attachment Benoit D Paediatr Child Health: 2004; 9:541